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Tag: GIS services

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and Applications

Wireless sensor networks are a group of specialized devices or sensors used to monitor different environmental conditions. Also, to collect and organize that data at some central location.

It measures a number of physical conditions. Also, chemical concentrations, vibrations, pollutant levels and many other such conditions. It has many application with microcontroller projects.

There are a various nodes in a sensor network. These nodes are the detection stations. In every sensor node, there is a sensor/transducer, microcontroller, transceiver and power source.

Types of Wireless Sensor Networks:

Terrestrial WSNs – These types of networks consist of huge number of wireless sensor nodes. These nodes can be organized in an unstructured or a structured manner. The nodes are distributed unsystematically. But they are kept within the target area.

They are over ground and solar cells can be used to power up these networks. Energy can be conserved by reducing delays and using operations of low duty cycles etc.

Underground WSNs – These sensor networks are more expensive as compared to terrestrial networks. These are used to monitor the underground conditions. Therefore, their whole network is underground.

Underwater WSNs – This network system comprises of sensor nodes and vehicles which are deployed under the water. Underwater vehicles are to be used to gather data from the sensor nodes.

Multimedia WSNs – These sensor networks can gather information in the form of audio or video etc. The sensor nodes are connected with cameras and microphones. They can track and monitor different events. Also, can keep a visual display of the events also.

Mobile WSNs – The mobile network is not fixed rather the sensor nodes can move from one place to any other. Their main advantage is that they provide better coverage, more channel capacity and enhanced coverage.

Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks:

There are numerous applications of WSNs in industrial automation, traffic monitoring and control, medical device monitoring and in many other areas, such as:-

Disaster Relief Operation – If an area is reported to have been hit by some sort of calamity such as fire then the sensor nodes can be dropped on the fire from an aircraft. The data of each node can be monitored. A temperature map can be used to devise proper ways and techniques to overcome the fire.

Military Applications – They are very useful in military operations for sensing and monitoring friendly or hostile motions. The surveillance of battlefield can be done through the sensor nodes to keep a check on everything. The nuclear, biological or chemical attacks can also be detected through the sensor nodes.

Environmental Applications – These sensor networks have a huge number of applications in the environment used to track movement of animals, birds and record them. Monitoring of earth, soil, irrigation and precision agriculture can be done through these sensors. Also, can also used for the detection of fire, flood, earthquakes etc.

Medical Applications – It can help in keeping a check on drug administration in hospitals and in monitoring patients as well as doctors.

For good quality GIS Services such as Geo Wireless Network Establishment or Wireless Network Mapping etc. you may reach us.

Role of Lidar in Preventing and Mitigating Landslides

LiDAR is a commonly used application in high precision sensors in autonomous cars, photogrammetry and bathymetry but it is certainly not limited to it. Do you know that it can also be used in detecting and analyzing the natural disasters like landslides? Landslides lead to huge loss of life as well as property but what if it could be detected and prevented on time.

Lidar- A Tool for Geologists

Geologists now use LiDAR as an effective medium to predict and thoroughly study landslides. Government and scientists have integrated the airborne LiDAR as a major component in disaster mitigation initiatives. Data which is gathered using LiDAR efficiently provides useful insights into geographical risk zones which contributes in the identification of vulnerable areas. One of the main advantage of using this technology is that it provides the images even under thickly vegetated areas along with other hidden details like extent of deformation, slope angle etc. All the above information validates that LiDAR is a valuable tool in landslide assessment.

Cutting Edge Analysis and Preemptive Data

LiDAR helps in getting even minute details and offers an inclusive view, the data is either collected by analyzing the terrain surface or by detecting change between the surfaces on a regular period of time. In prior, the surface features and associated properties are thoroughly analyzed to identify parameter values whereas the later focusses on detecting changes in surface movement and deformation. In both the methods, surface representation is assessed.

Disaster Mitigation

Combining LiDAR with GIS services improves the accuracy and quality of geological data. It enables geologists and disaster management experts to identify landslide prone areas. After marking a site, they start studying the underlying causes of landslide. LiDAR Data Processing reveals subtle surface details that can’t be captured by aerial photographs. The Geo Spatial Data has increased the efficiency of landslide observation a multiple time, which has raised the chances to mitigate landslide.

What is the Importance of GIS Data Conversion?

 

Esri, the global leader in spatial analytics informed about the release of Intelligence Configuration for ArcGIS Pro (ICAP). This will bring the most commonly used ArcGIS data management tools to the forefront in order to better support intelligence analysts.

Document, E-book and pdf conversion among others are the different kinds of data conversion.

GIS Data Conversion –

• It is a critical process in the migration of information from existing information databases to new ones that often require changes in data formats.
• It refers to the alteration and transfer of data between different systems, when the systems undergo replacement or updates.
• It is also of great importance in the insurance sector. Companies can make use of different strategies for converting data to ensure that the data is compatible with their systems.

Right data conversion should ensure the following:-

• Data is converted into an appropriate format and is transferred correctly
• Data works in the new destination database
• Data retains it’s quality and data consistency is maintained at all times across all the systems.

GIS Consortium has the capability to convert hard copy into a wide range of electronic formats. GISC’s team of experienced and multi – skilled specialists have a vast knowledge of converting various types of geospatial data. It can deal with the present day challenges such as complexity of data, project timelines and effect on the quality and accessibility of the data, ensuring a smooth and successful data conversion.

For a good quality GIS Services, you can get in touch with the GIS Consortium.

A Brief Description About GIS Services

The objective of GIS is to identify new trends from the analyzed research. It is a system used to gather data and incorporate it in order to store, scrutinize, distribute and show geographic information.

Studying data using the Geographic Information System will help one learn and understand information much quicker and easier.

GIS data displays actual world features such as elevations, terrain and transportation networks in a digital format. It is often used to study global problems in an effort to find solutions much more quickly.

Different GIS Applications –

• An important use of GIS is for studying the climate change. It can be used in the tracking and analyzing of data regarding the impact of climate change.One can map tectonic shifts in high risk earthquake areas, using GIS mapping for public safety.
• In regards to business marketing techniques, a business can use GIS to analyze demographic data to find regions where they will likely sell their products or services.
• Governments can utilize GIS to analyze census information such as health and education statistics. This is helpful for creating or modifying public policies and government spending.
• GIS technology also provides assistance for mapping and charting in Aeronautic and Maritime fields.
• It can be used for security and law enforcement logistics, urban planning and development and evaluating a potential business market.
• Also, in the management of natural resources by National Geo Resource Management, tracking and analyzing natural disasters with the intent of improving emergency response time.There is use of GIS in agriculture as well.

What Are The Uses of GIS Maps?

GIS technology is widely used by government authorities, large organizations, business companies etc. as it gives detailed information about any location.

It basically captures, analyzes the information and stores the data based on the geographical locations. The resultant presentation is a digital map.

With the advent of computer, GIS mapping technology was invented in 1960. GIS mapping can combine all available data about a given area and deliver it in new and dynamic ways.

There has been a significant growth in the use of GIS maps due to the development of open source applications and it has also become economical for anyone to run GIS.

Geographic Information System

Benefits of GIS Maps :-

• Due to the rapid evolution of consumer electronics enabled with GPS systems, GIS mapping helps tourists to locate their exact location on the geographical map. It can also help them find the nearest gas station.

• Geographic Information System is an essential tool for anyone who wants to create geographical maps with the help of internet. A popular example of such application is Google Maps which is available worldwide.

• The power offered by these tools is perhaps most useful in the world of science. The fields of science gather data about our world in very different ways, but GIS offers unique opportunities to combine all this in one.

• GIS has great importance in the field of education as well.A teacher can use GIS to display digital maps on a projector during their teaching session, so that students can easily understand the syllabus and study in detail about the geographical locations.

Applications of GeoReferencing

GeoReferencing is the method of assigning the real-world coordinates to each pixel of the raster. Usually, these coordinates are obtained by doing proper field surveys and collecting coordinates with a GPS device for few easily identifiable features in the image or the map.

It is basically a means to associate something with locations in the physical space or the process of associating a physical map or raster image of a map with spatial locations.

The importance of Georeferencing lies in its ability to turn non-spatial imagery into spatial raster data for use in a variety of circumstances. Spatialized air photos can be used for GIS land cover analysis.

Following Are Some of the Uses of Georeferencing:-

• It makes the different imagery required for mapping. It explains how other data, such as the above GPS points, relate to the imagery.

• Necessary information may be contained in data or images produced at a different point in time. It can be used to compare this data with that currently available.

• Different maps may use different projection systems. The tools of Georeferencing contain methods to combine and overlay these maps with minimum distortion.

• Data obtained from surveying may be given a point of reference from topographic maps by the application of GeoReferencing.

• It may be required to establish the significant relationship between social survey results which have been coded with postal codes or street addresses.

Also, for other geographic areas such as census zones or areas such as public administration or service planning.

Advantages of GIS Services across Different Sectors

GIS Services is a technology specifically designed to capture, analyze, manage and present all types of spatial and geographical data.These services have aided national security and law enforcement as well. Several companies are reaping big benefits due to these GIS services. They rely on the data rooted in computer mapping and satellite imageries to leverage work efficiency, take strategic decisions and select a better consumer group and increase the efficiency of the business.

These services basically aids essential business functions such as marketing, logistics and strategic decision making. The company offering such services provides valuable support in defining business requirements.Also, industry policies and standards, database design and implementation, application development.

Services Providing Area

For Business

The GIS services uses technology to trace location.This is very useful in marketing and sales, logistics and transportation, human resource and other fields. It is well integrated with targeted marketing and market analysis, routing and logistics.

For Education

GIS is now a very important tool that helps the education department to send across the answers from local to global implications.

Natural Resources

This technology helps biologists, ecologists, environmental regulators, astronomers, and miners etc to make difficult decisions regarding the handling of the earth’s natural resources.

Government

Due to the improved decision making processes, as a result of GIS, service delivery and citizen management have become easier. As most of the data in the government is location-based.Thus, smoother operations can be expected.

Maritime

GIS technology also provides good assistance in mapping and charting in Aeronautic and Maritime fields. It immediately starts producing geospatial data and provides high quality products with tools in making and maintaining the results.It also tracks the status and progress of jobs through the complete cycle.

How To Process LiDAR Data – 3D Survey

The use of lidar data processing has erupted in recent years, for many good reasons. The Lidar technology helped in producing higher-quality results than traditional photogrammetric techniques that cost low. Therefore, this has created a huge accomplishment to a large extent by the automatically collecting measurements very densely. The progress in laser scanning hardware has been astonishing.

One of the major side effects of switching to lidar-based technology is that it has many challenges in increasing the data volume and the development of software processing abilities required. Fortunately, there are many benefits offered by Lidar technology such as LiDAR Mapping Services, lidar data processing workflow, and Lidar 3D Scans.

Here are Some Tips that enable you to take Advantage of Lidar Data Processing.

1. Have Lidar in LAS Format

Having a lidar in LAS format can be visible to the admitted but not to the one who is new to using lidar data. LAS stand for Laser is the industry standard format for lidar. This helps in choosing the best format that works best.

2. Make Sure the LAS Files Are “Tempered” for Use in GIS

When you have to use LAS, a lot of things go on between initial data collection of LAS files a ready to use the file. Therefore, you can use LAS as there are many flavors out of which some are better than others for use in GIS.

3. Consider Your Options

Look for a company that provides several complimentary options for accessing lidar. Basically, there are three primary data access tools: the LAS dataset, the region dataset, and the mosaic dataset. Therefore, if you will learn about them you will get a better idea to determine which one is for use.

4. Stage Data Appropriately

Lidar data is quite large and requires careful planning to avoid producing a network to its knees or making users wait for long to display.

Therefore, if you have to determine the best overall approach, make sure you get your questions and queries solved. Questions such as – How large is the dataset? And will the whole lidar samples process in order to ad-hoc queries?

How does GIS Prove Useful for the Government?

The Digital India Initiative is at full flow and with it many projects have come up. India is on a path of digital transformation and Geographic Information Systems have found great use in this initiative. GIS technology has allowed for better collection and analysis of data and ensured that local and even national Governments can now make more informed decisions about a particular geographic area.

GIS Service for Government Sector

GIS has evolved through the years and become much smarter than what it initially was. With latest technologies and equipment GIS services are able to provide a more in depth look into an area and help in better decision making. From natural resource management, to businesses, transportation, emergency response, urban planning and even health care such technology has found application in so many areas. It has proved to be a beneficial system for Government needs all over the world. Some of the many ways in which GIS proves useful for Governments include-

• It can help in better disaster management- Advanced planning can help avert major catastrophes and save numerous lives. GIS can be used to assess areas that are susceptible to disaster and thus, allow for better management

In health care also such systems find use and can help a lot in containing an epidemic. It can help the medical industry understand areas better and know which place needs what type of health care

The vision of smart cities can also benefit a lot from such systems

Emergency management and utility management can also be better handled with the use of such systems

With such urgency to protect our natural resources here too such systems can help in a big way

There are a lot more applications of GIS technology in Government needs and it is important that they make use of it to plan and make the best possible decisions.

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