What is Smart City?
Smart city is the city of tomorrow. It tries to identify a smarter option from legacy system for maximizing the end-user satisfaction and accelerating urban socio-cultural and economic development. It is a knowledge based city functioning on most latest and updated information on automated decision making and rapid action for individuals.
GIS and Smart City
Today, a growing number of cities rely on Geographical Information Systems to unlock powerful insights that would otherwise be hidden in data. GIS Services has got the proficiency to model the real world of the city in totality. It can incorporate a huge amount of variables and has the capacity to geocode variables. It is deployed at every stage of planning and development of a Smart City.
What Are The Benefits of Application of GIS in Smart Cities?
• It can help create smart communities to analyze and find issues for local community.
• It can identify appropriate representatives for multi-level local governance as part of self-organizing policy.
• It can improve utilization of existing infrastructure capacity, improving quality of life.
• Can provide real-time guidance on how best to exploit multiple transportation modalities and make new services available.
• It can help visualizing spatial impacts of situations and migratory patterns. Also, assist in planning for urbanization.
• It allows smart city managers to utilise a user-friendly and widely used digital system in the management of urban systems.
Use of Geographic Information Services In Smart City Projects
The implementation of smart city projects is based on a number of steps such as:-
Creation of the Urban Digital Model
The first step in the application of smart city projects concerns the construction of the urban digital model. It describes the components of the urban built and natural environments. GIS is normally used for the construction of the digital model of urban horizontal components.
Sensors Utilized In Water and Energy Utilities Monitoring
The second step in smart city projects concerns the creation of the sensing layer. It transfers urban operating data to the smart city information system. This layer comprises sensors used for monitoring urban networks and infrastructures.
Analysis of Data
The third step in executing a smart city project concerns the development of the analytic environment. This converts real-time and historical data into operational data that improves the security, efficiency and quality of urban systems.
Interactive Visualization of Data
The interactive Geographic Information Services graphic environment allows the visualisation of urban components and sensors maps. Users can utilise these maps to access static and dynamic data concerning urban systems as well as to update the data.
The Control Layer
Data analysis of historical and real-time data results in commands for the optimum and safe management of urban systems. This technology allows real-time visualisation of these devices as well as their status. It could also visualise errors in device command.
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