LiDAR is a commonly used application in high precision sensors in autonomous cars, photogrammetry and bathymetry but it is certainly not limited to it. Do you know that it can also be used in detecting and analyzing the natural disasters like landslides? Landslides lead to huge loss of life as well as property but what if it could be detected and prevented on time.
Lidar- A Tool for Geologists
Geologists now use LiDAR as an effective medium to predict and thoroughly study landslides. Government and scientists have integrated the airborne LiDAR as a major component in disaster mitigation initiatives. Data which is gathered using LiDAR efficiently provides useful insights into geographical risk zones which contributes in the identification of vulnerable areas. One of the main advantage of using this technology is that it provides the images even under thickly vegetated areas along with other hidden details like extent of deformation, slope angle etc. All the above information validates that LiDAR is a valuable tool in landslide assessment.
Cutting Edge Analysis and Preemptive Data
LiDAR helps in getting even minute details and offers an inclusive view, the data is either collected by analyzing the terrain surface or by detecting change between the surfaces on a regular period of time. In prior, the surface features and associated properties are thoroughly analyzed to identify parameter values whereas the later focusses on detecting changes in surface movement and deformation. In both the methods, surface representation is assessed.
Combining LiDAR with GIS services improves the accuracy and quality of geological data. It enables geologists and disaster management experts to identify landslide prone areas. After marking a site, they start studying the underlying causes of landslide. LiDAR Data Processing reveals subtle surface details that can’t be captured by aerial photographs. The Geo Spatial Data has increased the efficiency of landslide observation a multiple time, which has raised the chances to mitigate landslide.
GIS technology is widely used by government authorities, large organizations, business companies etc. as it gives detailed information about any location.
It basically captures, analyzes the information and stores the data based on the geographical locations. The resultant presentation is a digital map.
With the advent of computer, GIS mapping technology was invented in 1960. GIS mapping can combine all available data about a given area and deliver it in new and dynamic ways.
There has been a significant growth in the use of GIS maps due to the development of open source applications and it has also become economical for anyone to run GIS.
Benefits of GIS Maps :-
• Due to the rapid evolution of consumer electronics enabled with GPS systems, GIS mapping helps tourists to locate their exact location on the geographical map. It can also help them find the nearest gas station.
• Geographic Information System is an essential tool for anyone who wants to create geographical maps with the help of internet. A popular example of such application is Google Maps which is available worldwide.
• The power offered by these tools is perhaps most useful in the world of science. The fields of science gather data about our world in very different ways, but GIS offers unique opportunities to combine all this in one.
• GIS has great importance in the field of education as well.A teacher can use GIS to display digital maps on a projector during their teaching session, so that students can easily understand the syllabus and study in detail about the geographical locations.
GIS Services is a technology specifically designed to capture, analyze, manage and present all types of spatial and geographical data.These services have aided national security and law enforcement as well. Several companies are reaping big benefits due to these GIS services. They rely on the data rooted in computer mapping and satellite imageries to leverage work efficiency, take strategic decisions and select a better consumer group and increase the efficiency of the business.
These services basically aids essential business functions such as marketing, logistics and strategic decision making. The company offering such services provides valuable support in defining business requirements.Also, industry policies and standards, database design and implementation, application development.
Services Providing Area
The GIS services uses technology to trace location.This is very useful in marketing and sales, logistics and transportation, human resource and other fields. It is well integrated with targeted marketing and market analysis, routing and logistics.
GIS is now a very important tool that helps the education department to send across the answers from local to global implications.
This technology helps biologists, ecologists, environmental regulators, astronomers, and miners etc to make difficult decisions regarding the handling of the earth’s natural resources.
Due to the improved decision making processes, as a result of GIS, service delivery and citizen management have become easier. As most of the data in the government is location-based.Thus, smoother operations can be expected.
GIS technology also provides good assistance in mapping and charting in Aeronautic and Maritime fields. It immediately starts producing geospatial data and provides high quality products with tools in making and maintaining the results.It also tracks the status and progress of jobs through the complete cycle.
The use of lidar data processing has erupted in recent years, for many good reasons. The Lidar technology helped in producing higher-quality results than traditional photogrammetric techniques that cost low. Therefore, this has created a huge accomplishment to a large extent by the automatically collecting measurements very densely. The progress in laser scanning hardware has been astonishing.
One of the major side effects of switching to lidar-based technology is that it has many challenges in increasing the data volume and the development of software processing abilities required. Fortunately, there are many benefits offered by Lidar technology such as LiDAR Mapping Services, lidar data processing workflow, and Lidar 3D Scans.
1. Have Lidar in LAS Format
Having a lidar in LAS format can be visible to the admitted but not to the one who is new to using lidar data. LAS stand for Laser is the industry standard format for lidar. This helps in choosing the best format that works best.
2. Make Sure the LAS Files Are “Tempered” for Use in GIS
When you have to use LAS, a lot of things go on between initial data collection of LAS files a ready to use the file. Therefore, you can use LAS as there are many flavors out of which some are better than others for use in GIS.
3. Consider Your Options
Look for a company that provides several complimentary options for accessing lidar. Basically, there are three primary data access tools: the LAS dataset, the region dataset, and the mosaic dataset. Therefore, if you will learn about them you will get a better idea to determine which one is for use.
4. Stage Data Appropriately
Lidar data is quite large and requires careful planning to avoid producing a network to its knees or making users wait for long to display.
Therefore, if you have to determine the best overall approach, make sure you get your questions and queries solved. Questions such as – How large is the dataset? And will the whole lidar samples process in order to ad-hoc queries?